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Organon F

2021, Pages 1–19

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article

Factualism and Anti-descriptivism: A Challenge to the Materialist Criterion of Fundamentality

Víctor Fernández Castro

DOI: to be assigned

Abstract

Inspired by the work of Sellars, Cumpa (2014, 2018) and Buo-nomo (2021) have argued that we can evaluate our metaphysical proposals on fundamental categories in terms of their ca-pacity for reconciling the scientific and the manifest image of the world. This criterion of fundamentality would allow us to settle the question of which categories among those proposed in the debate—e.g., substance, structure or facts—have a better explanatory value. The aim of this essay is to argue against a central assumption of the criterion: semantic descriptivism. Specifically, I aim at showing that the criterion rests on the idea that the manifest picture is mostly a description of the world, and thus, it commits us with certain realism. Instead, I argue that at least some of the vocabulary we use to construct our manifest picture of the world, mental vocabulary, is evaluative rather than descriptive and thus creates problems in reconcile the manifest picture with scientific psychology and neurosciences. I conclude with some remarks on alternatives that could provide a way out of the fundamentality criterion.

Keywords

Descriptivism; factualism; fundamental categories; mental vocabulary.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)

Author

Víctor Fernández Castro

Affiliation

Universidad de Granada

Adress

FiloLab-UGR, Universidad de Granada, 18011 Granada, Spain

E-mail

vfernandezcastro@ugr.es  

About this article

Received

11 February 2020

Revised

27 January 2021

Accepted

3 June 2021

Published online

24 September 2021

Publishers

Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as

Castro, Víctor Fernández. "Factualism and Anti-descriptivism: A Challenge to the Materialist Criterion of Fundamentality" Organon F 2021, 1–19. https://www.organonf.com/journal/victorfernandezcastro/

Copyright information

© Víctor Fernández Castroi

Response page

Forthcoming

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This article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


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