Organon F

Volume 28, February 2021, Issue 1, Pages 60–75

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article | Special issue on Names and Fictions

Real Authors and Fictional Agents (Fictional Narrators, Fictional Authors)

Alberto Voltolini


A suitable account of fiction must involve a conceptual distinction between (at least) the following figures, or roles: real authors, fictional narrators, fictional authors. Real authors are the real original utterers of fiction-involving sentences in their fictional use, the one mobilizing pretense. They may coincide (although this would be rare) either with fictional narrators or with fictional authors. A fictional narrator is the protagonist of a tale that is narrated in the first person: the internal point of view on the tale. A fictional author constitutes the tale’s external point of view that vividly manifests itself when the tale is narrated by no protagonist. Fictional narrators, however, never coincide with fictional authors. For either one or the other is the fictional agent, the one-place factor of a narrow fictional context of interpretation whose contribution is to provide a fictional truth-conditional content to the fiction-involving sentences of the relevant tale.


Fictional agent; fictional author; fictional narrator; real author.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)


Alberto Voltolini 


University of Turin


Department of Philosophy and Education Sciences University of Turin, Via S. Ottavio 20, I-10124 Turin, Italy


About this article


27 February 2020


15 November 2020

Published online

28 February 2021


Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as


Voltolini, A. (2021). Real Authors and Fictional Agents (Fictional Narrators, Fictional Authors). Organon F, 28(1), 60–75.


Voltolini, Alberto. 2021. "Real Authors and Fictional Agents (Fictional Narrators, Fictional Authors)." Organon F 28 (1): 60–75.


Voltolini, A.  (2021). Real Authors and Fictional Agents (Fictional Narrators, Fictional Authors). Organon F, 28(1), pp. 60–75.

Copyright information

© Alberto Voltolini

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