Organon F

Volume 28, August 2021, Issue 3, Pages 596–625

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article | Special issue on Value in Language

Value and Scale: Some Observations and a Proposal

Andrés Soria-Ruiz


In this paper, I investigate the scalar semantics of evaluative adjective in general, and of good in particular. Lassiter (2017) has argued that good, when taking propositions as arguments, has an interval scale. I argue that there’s evidence in support of the view that good, when taking individuals as argument, has a scale that is stronger than interval, but weaker than ratio. In particular, I propose that individual-level good has a “round” ratio scale, which allows a broader set of ratio transformations than standard ratio scales. This conclusion is consistent with the fact that good admits round ratio modifiers (twice as good), but eschews precise ones (# 1.38x as good). An important consequence of this view is that the scales of individual and propositional-level good are severed.


Evaluative adjectives, scalar semantics; metaethics.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)


Andrés Soria-Ruiz


Universidade NOVA de Lisboa


Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Campus de Campolide 1099-085 Lisboa, Portugal


About this article


3 December 2020


19 June 2021

Published online

30 August 2021


Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as


Soria-Ruiz, A. (2021). Value and Scale: Some Observations and a Proposal. Organon F28(3), 596–625.


Soria-Ruiz, Andrés. 2021. "Value and Scale: Some Observations and a Proposal." Organon F 28 (3): 596–625.


Soria-Ruiz, A. (2021). Value and Scale: Some Observations and a Proposal. Organon F, 28(3), pp. 596–625.

Copyright information

© Andrés Soria-Ruiz

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