Organon F

Volume 27, August 2020, Issue 3, Pages 346–376

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article

An Approach to Indexical Beliefs

Tadeusz Ciecierski 


An approach to indexical beliefs is presented and defended in the paper. The account is inspired by David Kaplan’s representationalist analysis of de re belief reports. I argue that imposing additional constraints on the Kaplanian notion of representation results in an elegant theory of indexical beliefs. The theory is committed to representations of limited accessibility but is not committed to relativized proposition, special de se contents or propositions of limited accessibility.


Belief de hic; belief de nunc; belief de se; indexical beliefs; propositions; representations.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)


Tadeusz Ciecierski ORCID iD icon


University of Warsaw


Institute of Philosophy, University of Warsaw, Krakowskie Przedmieście 3, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland


About this article


11 June 2019


3 February 2020

Published online

29 February 2020


Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as


Ciecierski, T. (2020). An Approach to Indexical Beliefs. Organon F27(3), 346–376.


Ciecierski, Tadeusz. 2020. "An Approach to Indexical Beliefs." Organon F 27 (3): 346–376.


Ciecierski, T.  (2020). An Approach to Indexical Beliefs. Organon F, 27(3), pp. 346–376.

Copyright information

© Tadeusz Ciecierski

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