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Organon F

2021, Pages 1–34

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article

Self-Expression in Speech Act

Maciej Witek

DOI: to be assigned

Abstract

My aim in this paper is to examine Mitchell S. Green’s notion of self-expression and the role it plays in his model of illocutionary communication. The paper is organized into three parts. In Section 2, after discussing Green’s notions of illocutionary speaker meaning and self-expression, I consider the contribution that self-expression makes to the mechanisms of intentional communication; in particular, I introduce the notion of proto-illocutionary speaker meaning and argue that it is necessary to account for acts overtly showing general commitments that are not ‘marked’ as being specific to one or another illocutionary force. In Section 3, I focus on Green’s account of expressive norms and argue that their function is to stabilize rather than constitute the structure of illocutionary signaling systems; moreover, I examine critically Green’s idea according to which expressive norms enable us to indicate the force of our speech acts and suggest that they play a key role in the mechanisms for epistemic vigilance. Finally, in Section 4, I elaborate on the idea of discourse-constituted thoughts—or, in other words, thoughts that ex- ist in virtue of being expressed in making certain conversation-bound speech acts—and use it to develop a more comprehensive model of the expressive dimension of speech acts.

Keywords

Expressive norms; illocutionary communication; self-expression; speaker meaning; speech acts.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)

Author

Maciej Witek

Affiliation

University of Szczecin

Address

Institute of Philosophy and Cognitive Science, University of Szczecin ul. Krakowska 71-79, 71-017 Szczecin, Poland.

E-mail

maciej.witek@usz.edu.pl 

About this article

Received

23 July 2019

Revised

8 June 2020

Accepted

12 December 2020

Published online

17 March 2021

Publishers

Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as

Witek, Maciej. "Self-Expression in Speech Act" Organon F 2021, 1–34. https://www.organonf.com/journal/witek/

Copyright information

© Maciej Witek

Response page

Forthcoming

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