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Organon F

2021, Pages 1–39

ISSN 2585-7150 (online) ISSN 1335-0668 (print)

Research Article

Conclusions of Practical Argument: A Speech Act Analysis

Marcin Lewiński

DOI: to be assigned

Abstract

Conclusions of theoretical reasoning are assertions—or at least speech acts belonging to the class of assertives, such as hypotheses, predictions or estimates. What, however, are the conclusions of practical reasoning? Employing the concepts of speech act theory, in this paper I investigate which speech acts we perform when we’re done with an instance of a practical argument and present its result in a linguistic form. To this end, I first offer a detailed scheme of practical argument suitable for an external pragmatic account (rather than an internal cognitive account). Resorting to actual examples, I then identify a class of action-inducing speech acts as characteristic conclusions of practical argument. I argue that these speech acts—promises, orders, pieces of advice, proposals, and others—differ chiefly depending on the agent of the action induced (me, us, you, them) and their illocutionary strength.

Keywords

Illocution; practical argument; practical reasoning; speech acts.

Author(s) and affiliation(s)

Author

Marcin Lewiński

Affiliation

Nova Institute of Philosophy, Nova University of Lisbon

Address

Campus de Campolide – Colégio Almada Negreiros 1099-032 Lisboa, Portugal.

E-mail

m.lewinski@fcsh.unl.pt 

About this article

Received

19 June 2019

Accepted

21 April 2020

Published online

23 March 2021

Publishers

Institute of Philosophy of the Slovak Academy of Sciences

Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Cite as

Lewiński, Marcin. "Conclusions of Practical Argument: A Speech Act Analysis" Organon F 2021, 1–39. https://www.organonf.com/journal/lewinski/

Copyright information

© Marcin Lewiński

Response page

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This article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


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